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Home > Common Infectious Diseases

List of Common Infectious Diseases

Bacterial, Fungal, Parasitic, Prion and Viral infectious diseases. The infectious diseases list has been compiled alphabetically.
The various causes of common infectious diseases are bacteria, fungus, parasites, prions and viruses.
Bacterial infectious diseases
  • Anthrax : multiplication of Bacillus anthracis in the body.


  • Bacterial meningitis : inflammation of the protective membranes of the central nervous system.


  • Botulism : blockage of nerve function and respiratory as well as musculoskeletal paralysis.


  • Brucellosis:entrance of Brucella bacteria by direct contact or untreated/contaminated milk of animals.


  • Campylobacteriosis : an inflammatory and at times bloody diarrhea or dysentery.


  • Cat scratch disease: after 7 to 14 days or 2 months after a cat scratch, tender regional lymphadenopathy, slight fever, headache, chills, malaise, abdominal pain, backache, convulsions or sterile suppurative papules at the site of inoculation occur.


  • Cholera: transmission of Vibrio cholerae by ingestion of contaminated food or water causes diarrheal disease.


  • Diphtheria : upper respiratory tract illness having sore throat, low-grade fever and an adherent layer on the tonsils, nasal cavity, pharynx.


  • Epidemic Typhus: caused by louse-borne bacteria


  • Gonorrhea : common sexually transmitted disease caused by Neisseria gonorrheae.


  • Impetigo : superficial skin infection common in the age group of 2 to 6.


  • Legionellosis : pneumonia or mild respiratory illness like acute influenza.


  • Leprosy (Hansen's disease) : granulomatous disease of the peripheral nerves and mucosa of the upper respiratory tract.


  • Leptospirosis : biphasic disease with meningitis, liver damage and renal failure.


  • Listeriosis: occurs in newborn infants, elderly people and immunocompromised patients.


  • Lyme disease: rash and flu symptoms followed by musculoskeletal, psychiatric, neurologic, arthritic and cardiac manifestations.


  • Melioidosis : caused by Burkholderia pseudomallei, which is found in soil and water.


  • MRSA infection : characterized by quick weight loss and muscle depletion.


  • Nocardiosis : Nocardia asteroides or Nocardia brasiliensis affects either the lungs or the entire body.


  • Pertussis (Whooping cough) : severe hacking cough followed by high intake of breath.


  • Plague : occurs when person is bitten by an infected flea.


  • Pneumococcal pneumonia : illness of the lungs and respiratory system where the alveoli are inflammed and filled with fluid.


  • Psittacosis : contracted from parrots, pigeons, hens, ducks, sparrows and sea gulls.


  • Q fever : due to inhalation of contaminated particles in the air or contact with the vaginal mucus, milk, feces, semen, urine of infected animals.


  • Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever : most severe rickettsial illness in the United States.


  • Salmonellosis : causes typhoid fever, paratyphoid fever and foodborne illness.


  • Scarlet fever : infection may occur through bloodstream or skin and underlying tissues.


  • Shigellosis : dysentery due to poor hygiene.


  • Syphilis : sexually transmitted disease due to sexual contact or congenital mode.


  • Tetanus : prolonged contraction of skeletal muscle fibers.


  • Trachoma : infectious disease of human eye probably leading to blindness.


  • Tuberculosis : generally attacks the lungs but may affect central nervous system, circulatory system, lymphatic system, bones, joints, genitourinary system and skin.


  • Tularemia : heachache, fatigue, muscle pains, dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, inflammation of face and eyes and lymph nodes.


  • Typhoid fever : due to ingestion of food or water adulterated with feces of an infected person.


  • Typhus : severe headache, sustained high fever, severe muscle pain, rash, cough, chills, stupor, decreasing blood pressure, delirium characterize it.


  • Urinary tract infections : cystitis or pyelonephritis.


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