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Cervical Cancer
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('Important screening method for pre malignant and malignant conditions of cervix')

Cervical Cancers - the impact:

In women, it is the most common cancer globally, next only to breast cancer. In India, cervical cancer is the most common women related cancer followed by breast cancer. Every year cervical cancer is diagnosed in about 5 lakh women globally and is responsible for more than 2.8 lakh deaths annually. 80% of the cervical cancers cases are from developing countries like India.

The process starts with cervical dysplasia (appearance of abnormal cells in the cervix) and may take more than 10 years to develop into cancer. Moreover cervical dysplasia causes no symptoms. Several risk

factors are associated with it viz. multiple sexual partners, early onset of sexual activity, smoking, sexually transmitted diseases like HPV and HIV infection. Hence it is time to consider cervical cancer screening not as a medical procedure but as a procedure for providing better quality of life to healthy women.

We at Thyrocare, believe that Prevention is much better than cure. With an aim of providing newer diagnostic services to the common man at a cost which was never dreamt of, we now offer you preliminary screening test for cervical cancers- the PAP TEST and thus contribute towards the fight against cancers.

What is a PAP smear

The Papanicolaou test (also called Pap test, Pap smear, cervical smear, smear test) is a preventive medical procedure designed for healthy, asymptomatic women who might have precancerous or early signs of lesions that could develop into cervical cancers. This test remains an effective widely used method also for detection of infection or inflammation in the endocervix and endometrium.

With primary screening done by Pap test, cervical cancer rates have dropped dramatically in many countries and hence is proven to be most effective in detection of cervical cancers.

Who should undergo and when

The test is recommended to all women who are sexually active and above the age of 18 years.

The screening interval is usually every year, although, if there have been no previous abnormal tests, the interval may be extended. If results are abnormal then depending on the nature of abnormality the test is repeated in 3 to 12 months.

The testing is carried out when the woman is not menstruating; the best time is between 10 and 20 days after the first day of the last menstrual period. For about 2 days before a Pap test, she should avoid douching or using vaginal medicines or spermicidal foams, creams, or jellies (except as directed by a physician). These may wash away or hide abnormal cells. Also, a woman should not have sexual intercourse for 1 to 2 days before a Pap test, because this may cause unclear results. Women who have had a total hysterectomy (removal of the uterus and cervix) do not need to undergo cervical cancer screening, unless the surgery was done as a treatment for cervical pre-cancer or cancer.

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